25 words toddlers should know by 2

By on February 21, 2012 in Kids 0

I found this list of words that toddlers should be able to speak by 2 quite interesting as I am just at that stage with my daughter. I thought I would share it as I know that many moms stress out that their children aren’t speaking enough or haven’t developed as quickly as their friends. Anyway the idea is not to make you stress more… it is purely to help you feel informed and to reassure you that your toddlers is mostly likely right on target!

These 25 words that toddlers should know and use have been listed by scientists and includes everyday items such as toys, food, animals and, of course, ‘mommy’ and ‘daddy’. Being slow to talk can sometimes be a sign of bigger problems such as dyslexia, deafness or autism so it is important to be informed. The 25 ‘must have’ words form part of a list of 310 words that should be in a toddler’s vocab.

The 25 words listed here are among the most common and the first acquired when learning to speak. The words are:

Mommy
Daddy
baby
milk
juice
hello
ball
yes
no
dog
cat
nose
eye
banana
biscuit
car
hot
thank you
bath
shoe
hat
book
more
all gone
good bye

The list is short enough that parents should be able to listen to their child speaking and tick off the 25 words in 10 minutes. According to the Language Development Survey the average child will know 150 of the words on the longer list but scores of 75 to 225 are normal. If a toddlers uses 50 of the words or less there might be cause for concern. Professor Leslie Rescorla, who designed both tests, said: ‘If children don’t use most of these words by 24 months, they may be late talkers.’ Professor Rescorla says that many late-talkers are simply late bloomers, so if a child is otherwise developing normally, don’t panic. She does note however that if a child is still struggling for words by two and a half, they should consider speech therapy, and definitely look for help if this is still the case past the age of three. The conference heard that up to 20 per cent of all two-year-olds are behind their peers in speech and of these half to a three-quarters are likely to be late-bloomers, who will catch up over time.

Professor Rescorla, of Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania, tracked 78 two-year-olds for 15 years. Half had been slow to start talking but didn’t have any other problems. By the time they reached 17, their vocabulary was as good as average – but still wasn’t as good as those who were better talkers as toddlers. The late-talkers fared particularly poorly in tasks that involved “verbal memory”, or listening to words, sentences, or numbers and being able to repeat them back

It is worth noting that TV and dvds, known as “overheard speech”, are no substitute for interation with parents to learn speech. One of the best ways to develop language and speech in your child is “real interaction” with the child and this is particularly important at the stage of development when your child is trying to “crack the code” of speech. A brilliant way of developing your toddler’s vocabulary is by reading plenty of stories. According to experts by the time a child is 6 (or starting school) they should have heard at least 1000 stories in order to have developed a wide vocabulary. If you start when your child is 1 (or earlier) you have a great head-start but if you are playing catch-up with a 5 year old that means 3 stories a day for a year! Still very do-able!! Plus you’ll be meeting so many of your child’s love languages – physical touch, quality time, focused attention, acts of service, words of affirmation and the best gift of all – you! And you’ll find that over time this special time will be the best gift you have ever given yourself too….

Do you have a set reading time with your kids? What are your favourite bed-time stories or authors?? One of our favourites is def Julia Donaldson. She writes hilarious books with great pictures and a message – fun for kids and parents!

I have the best of intentions and get it right most nights but there are times when I am only human and the tiredness and desperation of getting them into bed for some peace and quiet adult time takes over… I am definitely challenged to make reading bed-time stories more of a priority!

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images via Freckleberry Finds

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